Friday, 26 June 2015

How do you upgrade the RAM in the "Unibody" Aluminum 13-Inch MacBook models? What type of RAM do they use? How much RAM do they actually support?

How do you upgrade the RAM in the "Unibody" Aluminum 13-Inch MacBook models? What type of RAM do they use? How much RAM do they actually support?
Please note that this Q&A explains how to upgrade the RAM in the Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook models shipped in 2008 (model identifier MacBook5,1). This should not be confused with the 13-Inch "Unibody" MacBook *Pro* models, which covers separately. also provides RAM upgrade instructions for the "White & Black" MacBook models shipped from 2006-2009 (model number A1181) and the White Polycarbonate "Unibody" MacBook models shipped from 2009-2010 (model number A1342).
Upgrading the memory in the "Unibody" Aluminum 13-Inch MacBook models -- the MacBook "Core 2 Duo" 2.0 13" (Unibody) and "Core 2 Duo" 2.4 13" (Unibody) -- is not quite as simple as it is for the earlier MacBook models, but it still is easy.
Aluminum Unibody MacBook
Photo Credit: Apple, Inc. (Aluminum Unibody MacBook -- MacBook5,1)
Identification Help
The Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook models are particularly easy to spot as they're the only Apple notebooks made from a silver-colored aluminum case that say "MacBook" on the lower display bezel. If your Apple notebook is branded "MacBook Pro" rather than just MacBook, it is a different model. covers RAM upgrades for the 13-Inch MacBook Pro models separately.
Both Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook models use the same type of RAM, and the above visual information likely is sufficient for unique identification.
However, if you are the type to appreciate precision, these models also can be collectively identified externally by the 2254 EMC Number in tiny print on the bottom of the notebook toward the hinge and in software by the MacBook5,1 Model Identifier.'s Ultimate Mac Lookup feature -- as well as the EveryMac app -- also can uniquely identify these systems by their Serial Numbers and more.
Additional details about specific identifiers are provided in's extensive Mac Identification section.
Official RAM Details
The Apple Support Site has a detailed article on "How to Install Memory" in the Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook that provides much of what you need to upgrade the stock memory, but not everything.
This document starts by noting that the Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook models:
Have two memory slots that you access by removing the access door, battery, and bottom case. Your MacBook comes with at least 2 GB (1 GB in each slot) of 1066 MHz Double Date Rate (DDR3) Synchronous Dynamic Random-Access Memory (SDRAM) installed.
Both memory slots can accept an SDRAM module that meets the following specifications:
  • Double Data Rate Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module (DDR SO-DIMM) format
  • 1.25 inch or smaller (3.18 cm)
  • 1 Gigabyte (GB) or 2 Gigabyte (GB)
  • 204-pin
  • PC3-8500 DDR3 1066 MHz Type RAM
Official & Actual Maximum RAM Capacity
Officially, Apple only supports 4 GB of RAM in the Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook.
Initial tests at the time these models shipped from site sponsor Other World Computing and the always excellent BareFeats demonstrated that they were capable of stably supporting 6 GB of RAM with one 2 GB module and one 4 GB module. It was physically possible to install 8 GB of RAM as well, but the system was not stable and it was not recommended to install 8 GB of RAM.
However, some time after OWC and BareFeats published their findings, readers and other third-parties reported that these models were capable of stably supporting 8 GB of RAM.
In detailed follow up testing, OWC was able to confirm that the Aluminum "Unibody" MacBook models are capable of supporting 8 GB of RAM, but if -- and only if -- they have been upgraded to run Mac OS X 10.6 "Snow Leopard" or higher and have Boot ROM Version MB51.007D.B03. Note that you may be required to manually update the firmware for the update to work properly. Earlier versions of the operating system (OWC tested running Mac OS X 10.6.6) and earlier Boot ROM versions are not supported.
RAM Upgrade Video Instructions
The Apple document provides installation instructions complete with drawings, which absolutely should be read in their entirety before one installs memory. Even better, though, OWC provides a convenient step-by-step video of the process:

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